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Central Montana Learning Resource Center Cooperative

What is Specialized Instruction?

Specialized instruction is adapting, as appropriate to the needs of the student, the content, methodology, or delivery of instruction to meet the unique needs of the student that result from the student’s disability, and to ensure the student access to the general curriculum. The specialized instruction must be designed to meet the educational standards of the state. 34 CFR 300.39 (c)(3) Specially designed instruction


What is Special Education?

Special Education is a specially designed individual plan on education developed from an extensive evaluation and in consultation with the parents, the student's teacher(s), and appropriate special education staff. The plan is entitled and Individual Education Plan (IEP) and is designed to meet the specific needs of a child with special needs. Instructional programs, interventions and consultations are tailored to meet each student's needs in order to provide a successful school experience. These services are provided at no cost to the parent or guardian.


The following steps show the process a student, parents, or teacher access special education services:

  • Pre-referral consultations occur with teacher or parents to suggest possible instructional/behavioral strategies/interventions that might solve the problem without a formal referral.
  • If strategies and interventions prove to be unsuccessful, a referral is made for the student to be evaluated for a possible disability.
  • Parents of the referred student must provide informed consent prior to the evaluation provided by the special education teacher
  • Evaluations are completed within 60 days.
  • Parents, the student's teacher(s), an administrator and Coop personnel meet together to share and discuss the results of the evaluation. This team of parents and professionals determines whether or not the student meets eligibility requirements under IDEA.
  • If the child is eligible, the parents, the student's teacher, Coop staff and any other involved professionals develop an Individual Education Plan (IEP) with parental consent.
  • Parents play an essential role in this process and have extensive legal rights including informed consent for evaluation and services. A copy of parental rights is provided routinely and at parental request.


Adopted from Gallatin Madison Special Education Cooperative Website